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KDP & DKDP Crystal

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KDP (KH2PO4 ) and DKDP/KD*P (KD2PO4 ) are among the most widely-used commercial NLO materials. With good UV transmission, high damage threshold, and high birefringence, these material are usually used for doubling, tripling and quadrupling of Nd:YAG laser.


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KDP (KH2PO) and DKDP/KD*P (KD2PO) are among the most widely-used commercial NLO materials. With good UV transmission, high damage threshold, and high birefringence, these material are usually used for doubling, tripling and quadrupling of Nd:YAG laser.

With high E-O coefficient, KDP and DKDP crystals are also widely used to make Pockels cells for laser system, such as Nd:YAG, Nd:YLF, Ti-Sapphire, Alexandrite, etc. Even though DKDP with high deuteration is more commonly used, KDP and DKDP both can do phase matching of type I and type II for the SHG and THG of 1064nm Nd:YAG laser. We recommend KDP for FGH of Nd:YAG laser (266nm).

As one of the major KDP/DKDP suppliers (source manufacturer) in the whole international market, WISOPTIC has high capability of material selection, processing (polishing, coating, gold-plating, etc). WISOPTIC confirms reasonable price, mass production, quick delivery and long guarantee period of these materials.

Contact us for the best solution for your application of KDP/DKDP crystals.

WISOPTIC Advantages - KDP/DKDP

• High deuteration ratio (>98.0%)

• High homogeneity

• Excellent internal quality

• Top finish quality with high processing precision

• Large block for various size and shapes

• Very competitive price

• Mass production, quick delivery

WISOPTIC Standard Specifications* - KDP/DKDP 

Deuteration Ratio > 98.00%
Dimension Tolerance ± 0.1 mm
Angle Tolerance ≤ ± 0.25°
Flatness < λ/8 @ 632.8 nm
Surface Quality < 20/10 [S/D] (MIL-PRF-13830B)
Parallelism < 20”
Perpendicularity ≤ 5'
Chamfer ≤ 0.2mm @ 45°
Transmitted Wavefront Distortion < λ/8 @ 632.8 nm
Clear Aperture > 90% of central area
Laser Damage Threshold > 500 MW for 1064nm, TEM00, 10ns, 10Hz (AR-coated)
> 300 MW for 532nm, TEM00, 10ns, 10Hz (AR-coated)
* Products with special requirement upon request.
dkdp
DKDPfe
KD-2

Main Features - KDP/DKDP

• Good UV transmission

• High optical damage threshold

• High birefringence

• High nonlinear coefficients

Primary Applications - KDP/DKDP

• Laser frequency conversion – Second, third, and fourth harmonic generation for high pulse energy, low repetition (<100 Hz) rate lasers

• Electro-optical modulation

• Q-switching crystal for Pockels cells

Physical Properties - KDP/DKDP

  Crystal KDP DKDP
Chemical formula KH2PO4 KD2PO4
Crystal structure I42d I42d
Space group Tetragonal Tetragonal
Point group 42m 42m
Lattice constants a=7.448 Å, c=6.977 Å a=7.470 Å, c=6.977 Å
Density 2.332 g/cm3 2.355 g/cm3
Mohs hardness 2.5 2.5
Melting point 253 °C 253 °C
Curie temperature -150 °C -50 °C
Thermal conductivity [W/(m·K)] k11= 1.9×10-2 k11= 1.9×10-2, k33= 2.1×10-2
Thermal expansion coefficients (K-1) a11= 2.5×10-5, a33= 4.4×10-5 a11= 1.9×10-5, a33= 4.4×10-5
Hygroscopicity high high

Optical Properties - KDP/DKDP

  Crystal KDP DKDP
Transparency region
  (at “0” transmittance level)
176-1400 nm  200-1800 nm 
Linear absorption coefficients
(@ 1064 nm)
0.04 /cm 0.005 /cm
Refractive indices (@1064 nm)  no=1.4938, ne=1.4601  no=1.5066, ne=1.4681 
NLO coefficients (@1064 nm)  d36=0.39 pm/V d36=0.37 pm/V
Electro-optic coefficients r41=8.8 pm/V, r63=10.3 pm/V

r41=8.8 pm/V, r63=25 pm/V 

Longitudinal half-wave voltage 7.65 kV (λ=546 nm) 2.98 kV (λ=546 nm)
SHG conversion efficiency 20~30% 40~70%

Phase matching angle for SHG of 1064 nm

 

KDP

DKDP

Type of phase matching Type 1 ooe Type 2 eoe Type 1 ooe Type 2 eoe
Cut angle θ 41.2° 59.1° 36.6° 53.7°
Acceptances for crystal of 1 cm length (FWHM):
Δθ (angle) 1.1 mrad 2.2 mrad 1.2 mrad 2.3 mrad
ΔΤ (thermal) 10 K 11.8 K 32.5 K 29.4 K
Δλ (spectral) 21 nm 4.5 nm  6.6 nm 4.2 nm
Walk-off angle 28 mrad 25 mrad 25 mrad 25 mrad

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